The older, outside green leaves of endive are bitter, while the younger, inner leaves are white and mild. Endive is sometimes grown in the absence of sunlight to produce only white, mild leaves.

The curly-leafed variety of endive is also called frisee. The broad-leafed variety is sometimes called escarole.

See also Leafy Greens.

Serving size: 100 g (about 2 cups)
Region: Europe, California

Health Benefits

Mood Helps fight depression.
Weight Loss Contains the amino acids tyrosine and phenylalanine, which help fight food cravings.


Calcium 52 mg 4%
Manganese 0.4 mg 13%
Protein/Amino Acids 1.3 g 3% A good source of the amino acids tyrosine and phenylalanine
Vitamin A 2167 IU 43% Especially high in beta carotene.
Vitamin B5/Pantothetic Acid 0.9 mg 9%
Vitamin B9/Folate 142 mcg 71%
Vitamin K 231 mcg 289%
Zinc 0.8 mg 5%